Uganda a country gifted by nature is found in East Africa and is bordered by Kenya in the East, South Sudan in the North, in the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the south by Tanzania and then by Rwanda in Southwest. Even if Uganda is a landlocked it consists of many large lakes like Lake Victoria, Lake Kyoga, Lake Edward, Lake Albert, and Lake George. Uganda ‘the Pearl of Africa’ is located on the East African plateau and lies between latitudes 4°N and 2°S , longitudes 29° and 35°E. Uganda is lying within the Nile basin, has a varied climate but generally equatorial climate and is occupied by Lake Victoria in the Southern part the second largest Lake in the world. The Capital city of Uganda is Kampala a city that is made of Seven Hills.
Yoweri Kaguta Museveni is the current President of Uganda who is both head of state and then head of government. He has been the President for the last 34 years and he appointed Edward Ssekandi as the Vice president and also Amama Mbabazi as the prime minister. The Ugandan parliament is composed of the National Assembly which has 426 members
Uganda's economy is generated from income from annual exports that include coffee ($466.6 million), tea ($72.1 million), fish ($136.2 million), and other products. Uganda has largely untapped resources of both crude oil and natural gas. The country also has substantial natural resources which include fertile soils, sizable mineral deposits of copper, regular rainfall and cobalt.
Since 1990, the Ugandan economy grew due to the continued investment in the rehabilitation of infrastructure, and gradually improved domestic security, improved incentives for production and exports and reduced inflation.
Uganda has a literacy rate of 66.8% (76.8% male and 57.7% female). The Ugandan system of education has a structure of primary education of 7 years, then the 6 years study of secondary education which is divided into 4 years of the lower secondary and 2 years of then upper secondary school and then 3 to 5 years of University. Uganda has different types of schools which include Private schools that are both day and boarding schools, Public Government schools that are day and boarding schools, International Schools and also public and private universities.
In the last years, Uganda's population has grown from to 35 million which is a combination of about 40 ethnic groups consisting of Baganda 16.9%, Banyakole 9.5%, Basoga 8.4%, Bakiga 6.9%, Iteso 6.4%, Langi 6.1%, Acholi 4.7%, Bagisu 4.6%, Lugbara 4.2%, Bunyoro 2.7%, and other 29.6%. These languages fall under three different language families which include: Bantu, Nilotic and Central Sudanic. After independence, English became an official language and most people in Uganda speak English. And the most widely spoken local language in Uganda is Luganda. Then other Lunguages like the Lusoga, Swahili and Runyankore-Rukiga languages follow.
In Uganda the biggest religion practiced is Christianity which is made up of about 84% and then Islam representing 12% of the population. Other religions include traditional religions (1%), the Baha'i (0.1%), also other non-Christian religions (0.7%).
Because of the different tribes and communities, culture in Uganda is really diverse. Since the Buganda is the most prominent tribe in the Uganda, it has dominated the culture and music of Uganda. But also other tribes have their own music styles that have been passed down from generations to generations. With all these variations, they make good diversity in music and culture.
Ugandan food consists of traditional cooking with Local dishes, European, American, Arab, Asian like Indian, Korean, Chinese, Japanese, Malaysian etc served in upper-class homes and high-end restaurants.
Tourism in Uganda is focused on Uganda's landscape, Culture, diversity and wildlife. It is the major drive of employment opportunities, investment opportunities and foreign exchange to Uganda, contributing 4.9 trillion Ugandan shillings (US$1.88 billion or €1.4 billion as of August 2013) to Uganda's GDP in the financial year 2012-13.
Uganda’s tourism Industry was prosperous in the late 1960s with 100,000 visitors each year it was the country's fourth largest earner of foreign exchange. The tourist industry ended in the early 1970s because of political instability but by the late 1980s because of Uganda's political climate Tourism in Uganda had stabilized making it suitable for reinvestment in the tourism industry in Uganda. In the year of 2012, Lonely Planet awarded Uganda as Number 1 in "Top Countries & Travel Destinations 2012 TABLE
Because of Uganda’s diverse culture, landscape, flora, and fauna. Some of the tourism activities include: Mountain Gorilla Trekking tours/Safaris to Uganda, Cultural safaris, bird watching safaris/tours, chimpanzee trekking, photographic tours, Mountain biking safaris, Boating and Water Sports, Mountaineering adventures , White water Rafting safaris, Fishing safaris, golfing safaris and honeymoon packages etc.