Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park is found in the southwestern part of Uganda in the East Africa region. The National Park shares the high levels of the endemisms of the Albertine Rift.
Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park’s geology comprises of quartzite, Precambrian shale phyllite, granite, quartz and schist. The National park is found at the edge of the Western Rift Valley which is at highest parts of the Kigezi Highlands. This was formed by the up-warping of the Western Rift Valley.
The topography of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park is very rugged, with different narrow valleys connected by rivers which include Ivi, Ihihizo, Munyaga, Ishasha, and Ntengyere rivers flowing  into Lake Edward, Lakes Mutanda, Bunyonyi and steep hills. And the altitudes in the Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park is between 1,190 to 2,607 metres above sea level and about 60% of the park has an elevation of about 2,000 metres. The lowest area of the park is found at its most northern tip and the highest is Rwamunyonyi hill on the eastern edge of the park.
Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park is next to the Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo border and at the edge of the Albertine Rift. The Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park is a UNESCO-designated World Heritage Site and covers an area of about 331 square kilometres of the jungle forests which contains both lowland forest  and montane its accessible only on foot.
Bwindi Impenetrable forest with the the diversity of species is one of the richest ecosystems in Africa.  The Forest is a habitat for about 120 species of mammals, over 348 different species of birds, over 220 different species of butterflies, about 27 species of frogs, geckos, chameleons and other endangered species. Besides that, Bwindi Forest has more than 1,000 flowering plant species, with 163 species of trees and then 104 species of ferns. Also the northern sector with low altitude has two species of the Guineo-Congolian flora which include the Brown mahogany and then the Brazzeia longipedicellata.
Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park is a habitat of about 360 half the world's population endangered mountain gorillas, chimpanzees, colobus monkeys and many different bird species.
History of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park
In the year of 1932 Bwindi Impenetrable Forest had two blocks and the park was known as Crown Forest Reserves. One of the blocks the Northern block was known as the Kayonza Crown Forest Reserve while the Southern block was known as the Kasatora Crown Forest Reserve. The combination of these two reserves covered an area of 207 square kilometres.
But in 1942 the two blocks of the Crown Forest Reserves became one and Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park was enlarged and then was renamed as the Impenetrable Central Crown Forest. The new protected forest covered an area of about 298 square kilometres which was under the joint control of the government of Uganda's game and forest departments.
1964 the national reserve was known as the animal sanctuary to give extra protection to its rare endangered mountain gorillas then renamed as the Impenetrable Central Forest Reserve. By 1966 other two forest reserves joined and became one of the main reserve which increased the area of about 321 square kilometers.
By 1991 Impenetrable Central Forest Reserve, Mgahinga Gorilla Reserve and then Rwenzori Mountains Reserve were designated as a national park called Bwindi Impenetrable National Park which covers an area of 330.8 square kilometres.
In April 1993, Gorilla tracking became a tourist activity which made Bwindi Impenetrable National Park a popular tourist destination in the world.
1994 about a 10-square-kilometre area was joined into the National Park and was inscribed on the World Heritage List. Bwindi Impenetrable National Park has been under Uganda Wildlife Authority and in 2003 a piece of land next to the park was purchased and incorporated into the park.
Climate in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park has a tropical type of climate with an annual mean temperature between the minimum of 7–15°C and maximum of 20–27°C.  The National park’s annual rainfall is between 1,400 to 1,900 millimetres with peak rainfall occurring from March to April and then from September to November.
Rare Endangered Mountain Gorillas in Bwindi
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is a home of the Mountain Gorillas of a population of about 360 individual mountain gorillas known as the Bwindi population making up almost half of all the mountain gorillas in the world. The census that was carried out in 2006 of the mountain gorilla in Bwindi park indicated that the number of Mountain Gorillas had increased modestly from an estimated 300 mountain gorillas by 1997 to 320 Mountain gorillas by 2002 to 340 Mountain Gorillas in 2006.

Different Mountain Gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Buhoma Sector

  • Mubare Gorilla Group
  • Rushegura Gorilla Group
  • Habinyanja Gorilla Group
Ruhija Sector
  • Bitukura Gorilla Group
  • Oruzogo Gorilla Group
Southern Sector
  • Nkuringo Gorilla Group
  • Nshongi Gorilla Group
  • Mishaya Gorilla Group
  • Kahungye Group
Accomodation in Bwindi National Park
  • Clouds Mountain Gorilla Lodge - Luxury

  • Gorilla Forest Camp - Luxury
  • Buhoma Lodge - Luxury
  • Mahogany Springs - Luxury
  • Nkuringo Gorilla Camp - Medium
  • Engagi Lodge - Medium
  • Silverback Lodge - Medium
  • Ruhija Gorilla Lodge - Medium
  • Ruhija Gorilla Lodge - Medium
  • Kitandara Tented Camp - Medium
  • Buhoma Community Bandas - Budget
  • Wigwam - Budget
  • Nkuringo Gorilla Camp (Virunga Terrance) - Budget
  • Ruhija Gorilla Camp - Budget
  • Bwindi Lodge - Budget