Semuliki National Park is found in Uganda in Bundibugyo District, Bwamba County in the western part of Uganda in a remote. Semuliki National Park was gazette into a national park in October 1993 so as to protect the Ugandan forests which makes the park one of Uganda’s newest national parks. Semuliki National Park covers an area of about 194 km2 the only lowland tropical rainforest of East Africa is found in the park.  

Between 1932 and 1993, Semuliki National Park was managed and taken as a forest reserve at after by the colonial government and then later was taken over by the Ugandan government’s Forest Department.

Looking for the richest areas of diverse different bird species, floral and faunal Semuliki National Park is one of the richest national park in Africa. Semuliki National Park is managed and maintained by the Uganda Wildlife Authority.

Location of Semuliki National Park

Semuliki National Park is found on the Uganda’s border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in the south-east Rwenzori Mountains are found and in the North of Semuliki National Park there is Lake Albert. Semuliki National Park is found within the Albertine Rift which is the western arm of East African Rift. With the landform that is between 670 to 760 m above sea level, Semuliki National Park is located on a flat surface.

Semuliki National Park is bordered by two different rivers which are both Semuliki river and Lamia river which act as water bodies for different animals. Besides the rivers, Semuliki National Park has two different hot springs found in the hot mineral encrusted swamp which are both female and male. Mumbuga spring which is one of the hot springs looks like the geyser forming a 0.5 m high fountain. The hot springs attract and act as a habitat of so many shorebirds and they also are a source of salt to different animals.

Climate of Semuliki National Park

Semuliki National Park receives rains of an average of 1,250 mm, From March to May and then between September and December is the peaks of the rainfall. During the rainy season, Semuliki National Park floods in some part of the park. And the temperature in Semuliki National Park is between 18 and 30 °C (64 to 86 °F) having relatively small daily variations.

Flora and fauna in Semuliki National Park

The area covered by Semuliki National Park is blessed with the ecosystem in the larger Albertine Rift ecosystem. Because Semuliki National Park is found at the junction of different climatic and ecological zones, there has been a high diversity of both the plant and the animal species and also different microhabitats. Most of the different plant and animal species reach the eastern limit of their range in Semuliki National Park and are also found in the Congo Basin forests.

Semuliki National Park’s vegetation is medium with altitude moist which is evergreen to semi deciduous forest with a dominant plant species called Cynometra alexandri.

Because of the different habitats in Semuliki National Park, there has been more than 400 bird species like the lyre-tailed honey guide. About 216 of the bird species are forest birds which include the rare Forest Ground Thrush and also the Sassi’s Olive Greenbul and about 9 bird species of hornbills are recorded in the park.

Besides the bird species, Semuliki National Park has over 60 different mammal species like:  forest buffalos, bush babies, leopards, hippos, Pygmy Flying Squirrel, Mona Monkeys, elephants, water chevrotains, civets and about 9 different types of Duikers are found in Semuliki National Park like the Bay Duiker. Besides the mammals, Semuliki National Park also has about 8 different types of the primate species and also over 300 butterfly species.